- Introduction ::CuracaoBackground:Originally settled by Arawak Indians, Curacao was seized by the Dutch in 1634 along with the neighboring island of Bonaire. Once the center of the Caribbean slave trade, Curacao was hard hit economically by the abolition of slavery in 1863. Its prosperity (and that of neighboring Aruba) was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of the Isla Refineria to service the newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields. In 1954, Curacao and several other Dutch Caribbean possessions were reorganized as the Netherlands Antilles, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In referenda in 2005 and 2009, the citizens of Curacao voted to become a self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The change in status became effective in October 2010 with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.Geography ::CuracaoLocation:Caribbean, an island in the Caribbean Sea - 55 km off the coast of VenezuelaGeographic coordinates:12 10 N, 69 00 WArea:total: 444 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 200land: 444 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:more than twice the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:364 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive fishing zone: 12 nmClimate:tropical marine climate, ameliorated by northeast trade winds, results in mild temperatures; semiarid with average rainfall of 600 mm/yearTerrain:generally low, hilly terrainElevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 mhighest point: Mt. Christoffel, 372mNatural resources:calcium phosphates, aloes, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruitLand use:arable land: 10%permanent crops: 0%other: 90% (2011)Irrigated land:NATotal renewable water resources:NANatural hazards:Curacao is south of the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatenedEnvironment - current issues:NAGeography - note:Curacao is a part of the Windward Islands (southern) groupPeople and Society ::CuracaoNationality:noun: Curacaoanadjective: Curacaoan; DutchEthnic groups:Afro-Caribbean majority; Dutch, French, Latin American, East Asian, South Asian, Jewish minoritiesLanguages:Papiamentu (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 81.2%, Dutch (official) 8%, Spanish 4%, English 2.9%, other 3.9% (2001 census)Religions:Roman Catholic 80.1%, Protestant 11.2% (Pentecostal 3.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 2.2%, other Protestant 5.5%), none 4.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.7%, Jewish 0.8%, other 1.3%, not reported 0.3% (2001 census)Population:146,836 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 188Age structure:0-14 years: 20.6% (male 15,342/female 14,645)15-24 years: 15.4% (male 11,599/female 10,790)25-54 years: 38.5% (male 26,869/female 29,348)55-64 years: 12.6% (male 8,059/female 10,259)65 years and over: 13% (male 7,833/female 11,090) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 50.1 %youth dependency ratio: 29 %elderly dependency ratio: 21 %potential support ratio: 4.8 (2013)Median age:total: 36.2 yearsmale: 32.7 yearsfemale: 39.9 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:NABirth rate:NADeath rate:8 deaths/1,000 population (2009)country comparison to the world: 98Net migration rate:1.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008)country comparison to the world: 52Sex ratio:at birth: 1.15 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total: NAmales: 72.4 yearsfemales: 80.1 years (2009)Total fertility rate:2.09 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 115HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAGovernment ::CuracaoCountry name:Dutch long form: Land CuracaoDutch short form: CuracaoPapiamentu long form: Pais KorsouPapiamentu short form: Korsouformer: Netherlands Antilles; Curacao and DependenciesDependency status:constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs granted in 2010; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairsGovernment type:parliamentaryCapital:name: Willemstadgeographic coordinates: 12 06 N, 68 55 Wtime difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)Independence:none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)National holiday:Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX), 30 April (1909 and 1980)Constitution:Staatsregeling adopted by island council 5 September 2010; entered into force 10 October 2010; revised Kingdom Charter pendingLegal system:based on Dutch civil law system with some English common law influenceSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: King WILLEM-ALEXANDER of the Netherlands (since 30 April 2013); represented by Acting Governor Adele van der PLUIJM-VREDE (since 24 October 2012)head of government: Prime Minister Ivar ASJES (since 7 June 2013)cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually elected prime minister by the parliament; next election is scheduled for 2016Legislative branch:unicameral Estates of Curacao (21 seats; members elected by popular vote for four year terms)elections: last held 19 October 2012 (next to be held in 2016)election results: percent of vote by party - PS 22.6%, MFK 21.2%, PAR 19.7%, PAIS 17.7%, MAN 9.5%, PNP 5.9%, other 3.4%; seats by party - PS 5, MFK 5, PAR 4, PAIS 4, MAN 2, PNP 1Judicial branch:highest court(s):Political parties and leaders:Frente Obrero Liberashon (Workers' Liberation Front) or FOL [Anthony GODETT]Movementu Futuro Korsou or MFK [Gerrit SCHOTTE]Movishon Antia Nobo or MAN [Eunice EISDEN]Partido Antia Restruktura or PAR [Emily DE JONGH-ELHAGE]Partido pa Adelanto I Inovashon Soshal or PAIS [Alex ROSARIA]Partido Nashonal di Pueblo or PNP [Humphrey DAVELAAR]Pueblo Soberano or PS [Helmin WIELS]Diplomatic representation in the US:none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)Diplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: Consul General Valerie BELONconsulate(s) general: J. B. Gorsiraweg #1, Willemstad, Curacaomailing address: P. O. Box 158, Willemstad, Curacaotelephone:  (9) 4613066FAX:  (9) 4616489Flag description:on a blue field a horizontal yellow band somewhat below the center divides the flag into proportions of 5:1:2; two five-pointed white stars - the smaller above and to the left of the larger - appear in the canton; the blue of the upper and lower sections symbolizes the sky and sea respectively; yellow represents the sun; the stars symbolize Curacao and its uninhabited smaller sister island of Klein Curacao; the five star points signify the five continents from which Curacao's people deriveNational anthem:name: Himmo di Korsou (Anthem of Curacao)lyrics/music: Guillermo ROSARIO, Mae HENRIQUEZ, Enrique MULLER, Betty DORAN/Frater Candidus NOWENS, Errol ""El Toro"" COLINAnote: adapted 1978; the lyrics, originally written in 1899, were rewritten in 1978 to make them less colonial in natureEconomy ::CuracaoEconomy - overview:Tourism, petroleum refining, and offshore finance are the mainstays of this small economy, which is closely tied to the outside world. Although GDP grew slightly during the past decade, the island enjoys a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure compared with other countries in the region. Curacao has an excellent natural harbor that can accommodate large oil tankers. Venezuelan state oil company PdVSA leases the single refinery on the island from the government; most of the oil for the refinery is imported from Venezuela; most of the refined products are exported to the US. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported, with the US, Brazil, Italy, and Mexico being the major suppliers. The government is attempting to diversify its industry and trade and has signed an Association Agreement with the EU to expand business there. Poor soils and inadequate water supplies hamper the development of agriculture. Budgetary problems complicate reform of the health and education systems. Pension system reforms are pending. A new basic health package was implemented in 2013.GDP (purchasing power parity):$2.838 billion (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 183$2.606 billion (2007 est.)$2.452 billion (2006 est.)note: data are in 2008 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$5.08 billion (2008 est.)GDP - real growth rate:0% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1833.5% (2008)2.2% (2007)GDP - per capita (PPP):$15,000 (2004 est.)country comparison to the world: 91GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 0.7%industry: 15.5%services: 83.8% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:aloe, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruitIndustries:tourism, petroleum refining, petroleum transshipment facilities, light manufacturingIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:62,040 (2011)country comparison to the world: 186Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 1.2%industry: 16.9%services: 81.8% (2008 est.)Unemployment rate:9.8% (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 10510.3% (2008 est.)Taxes and other revenues:10.8% of GDP (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 207Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-0.9% of GDP (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 59Inflation rate (consumer prices):2.3% (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 541.3% (2010 est.)Exports:$1.5 billion (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 148$1.4 billion (2010 est.)Exports - commodities:petroleum productsImports:$2.5 billion (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 156$2.648 billion (2009 est.)Imports - commodities:crude petroleum, food, manufacturesExchange rates:Netherlands Antillean guilders (ANG) per US dollar -1.79 (2011)1.79 (2011 est.)1.79 (2010 est.)1.79 (2009)1.79 (2008)note: the Netherland Antillean guilder was replaced by the newly created Caribbean guilder in 2013Energy ::CuracaoElectricity - production:1.167 billion kWh (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 143Electricity - consumption:968 million kWh (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 150Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 172Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 166Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 114Refined petroleum products - production:531 bbl/day (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 115Refined petroleum products - consumption:72,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 90Refined petroleum products - exports:211,100 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 30Refined petroleum products - imports:291,700 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 23Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 109Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 125Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 73Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 170Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 118Communications ::CuracaoTelephone system:international: country code - 599Broadcast media:government-run Telecuracao operates a TV station and a radio station; several privately-owned radio stationsInternet country code:.cwInternet hosts:NAInternet users:NATransportation ::CuracaoRoadways:total: 550 kmcountry comparison to the world: 192Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): Willemstadoil/gas terminal(s): Bullen Baai (Curacao Terminal)bulk cargo port(s): Fuik Bay (phosphate rock)Military ::CuracaoMilitary branches:no regular military forces; the Dutch Government controls foreign and defense policy (2012)Military service age and obligation:no conscription (2010)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Curacao — Curaçao (Papiamentu: Kòrsou) ist mit rund 444 km² die größte Insel der Niederländischen Antillen in der Karibik. Lage Curaçaos Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geographie und Klima … Deutsch Wikipedia
curaçao — [ kyraso ] n. m. • 1790; nom d une île des Antilles ♦ Liqueur faite avec de l eau de vie, de l écorce d oranges amères et du sucre. Cocktail au curaçao. ● curaçao nom masculin (de Curaçao, nom propre) Liqueur composée avec des écorces d orange,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
CURAÇAO — CURAÇAO, an island near the northern coast of Venezuela, South America, under the Dutch Crown part of the Netherland Antilles. Sighted by the Conquistador Alonso de Ojeda in 1498, it was captured from the Spanish by the Dutch in 1634. The Dutch… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Curaçao — • Vicariate apostolic; includes the islands of the Dutch West Indies: Curaçao, Bonaire, and Aruba; Saba, St. Eustatius, and the Dutch part of St. Martin (Leeward Islands) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Curacao Curaçao … Catholic encyclopedia
Curacao — Curaçao (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Curaçao est une île de la mer des Caraïbes; Curaçao désigne également une nuance de la couleur bleue ; Le curaçao est une liqueur … Wikipédia en Français
curaçao — CURAÇÁO s.n. Băutură făcută din coji de portocale amare, din zahăr şi alcool. [pr.: cürasáo] – cuv. fr. Trimis de LauraGellner, 17.01.2005. Sursa: DEX 98 CURAÇÁO s.n. Lichior făcut din coji de portocale amare, zahăr şi alcool. [pron. sa o . /… … Dicționar Român
Curacao — West Indian island, Curaçao, discovered 1499 by Alonso de Hojeda, who called it Isla de los Gigantes in reference to the stature of the natives. The modern name probably is a Europeanized version of some lost native word. The liqueur is made from … Etymology dictionary
Curaçao — CURAÇAO: Le meilleur est de Hollande parce qu il se fabrique à Curaçao, une des Antilles … Dictionnaire des idées reçues
curaçao — [kyoor΄ə sō′, koor΄ə sou′] n. [after the island of CURAÇAO, where orig. made] [also C ] a liqueur made by flavoring distilled spirits with the dried peel of bitter oranges: also curaçoa [kyoor΄əsō′] … English World dictionary
Curacao — Cu ra*[,c]ao , Curacoa Cu ra*[,c]oa , (k?? r? s? ), n. A liqueur, or cordial, flavored with the peel from the sour orange, and sometimes with cinnamon and mace; first made at the island of Cura[,c]cao. [1913 Webster +PJC] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Curaçāo — (Curassao), eine der Kleinen Antilleninseln im SO. des Caraibischen Meeres an der Nordküste von Venezuela, die größte der niederländischen Besitzungen in Westindien, 9,25 QM.; ein kahler, flacher Felsen, an vielen Stellen nur mit  Zoll Erde… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon